Writing task 2

No one can deny the fact that handwritten test has proved itself to be an indispensable part of knowledge’s evaluation. And it is believed that students achieving good results from this are considered clever. In my opinion, traditional form of examinations would continue to be used as an intelligent appraisal measurement.

Needless to say, standard test has been considered as an important measurement due to its plentiful forms of inquiry. For instance, a well-designed test paper including a range of tasks, such as multiple choices, true or false question or essay question can evaluate students’ learning ability and their master of knowledge from different perspectives. However, sometimes students may cram for the exam or use rote learning, which could make pen and paper test fail to fully examine the comprehensive acedemic ability of students.

Another undeniable reason why handwritten test can measure a student’s true knowledge achievement is that student could have the opportunity to share their own views to a specific problems. Take essay as an example. When students are given an essay topic at a test, they are encouraged to freely write about anything in their mind based on what they have been learnt and occasionally there would be some possibility to get genius ideas while taking an exam. The minus negative of taking test in normal way is that it might trigger anxiety in student so that they can not show their real capacity.

In conclusion, I believe that traditional pen and paper tests can provide a high quality assessment on student’s intelligence. Therefore, they would persisted continuously as a vital method of evaluation in educational system.

pen and paper exams

Topic: Success in formal ‘pen and paper’ examinations is often seen to be a sign of intelligence.
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the view that formal examinations measure intelligence?
Synonym: assessment = evaluation = appraisal (n: đánh giá hoặc xác định phẩm chất tốt)
Take test in normal way = handwritten test

No one can deny the fact that handwritten test has proved itself to be an indispensable part of knowledge’s evaluation. And it is believed that students achieving good results from this are considered clever. In my opinion, traditional form of examinations would continue to be used as an intelligent appraisal measurement.
Body paragraph 1:
Needless to say, standard test has been considered as an important measurement due to its plentiful forms of inquiry. For instance, a well-designed test paper including a range of tasks, such as multiple choices, true or false question or essay question can evaluate students’ learning ability and their master of knowledge from different perspectives. However, some students
In conclusion, I believe that traditional pen and paper tests can provide a high quality assessment on student’s intelligence. However, in some cases, contemporary methods of evaluation can be useful.

However, with the evolution of educational system recently, other forms of checking students’ knowledge have been adopted.

It would be no longer fit for the purpose because it’s hugely expensive and results are unreliable. Traditional written exams could be overtaken by online test to match youngster skills.
Teenagers are more comfortable typing answers on a keyboard than writing them down.
Writing everything by hand to assist with learning is no longer how student study.
Skills in practical subjects such as … could be assessed by teacher
This could make the assessment process quicker, more secure and most crucially, fairer for students.
In my opinion, traditional pen and paper test would continue to play a vital role in
evaluation.
Pros of traditional exams:

Essay topic:
Many people believe that formal ‘pen and paper’ examinations are not the best method of assessing educational achievement. What is your view of this kind of examinations?
As university students, we are both the beneficiaries and victims of the standard test. It is fair to say that standard test is inescapable in everyone’s life nowadays. There is college entrance examination for student, a bar qualification test for future lawyers and even a standard driving test for drivers’ license. The discussion about standard test has never been stopped and in those never-ending pages about the pros and cons of standard test, a certain definite conclusion has yet to be reached.
Standard test, needless to say, can be an important measurement under certain situations. A well designed test paper with different types of questions, say multiple choice, essay question, true or false question, can measure a student’s learning ability and his master of knowledge from different perspectives.
However, mere a standard test is far from enough to fully examine the comprehensive academic ability of students. The most conspicuous reason is that those who have flexible examination skills sometimes proved to achieve a higher score than those who have a sound knowledge foundation. It is particularly true when some student cram for the exam.
Moreover, another undeniable reason why standard test cannot always measure a student’s true academic achievement is that some student are better at oral test or presentation rather than written forms. In addition, examination would trigger anxiety in student so that they can not show their real capacity while for others who might be excited and achieve a score beyond expectation.
Therefore, the traditional form of standard form has persisted for such a long time throughout history because it functions well in most certain situations. However, one cannot always rely on the result of the standard test and various forms of supplement should be adopted by individual schools.
Average
Many people believe that formal ‘pen and paper’ examinations are not the best method of assessing educational achievement. What is your view of examinations?

Nowadays government and universities always try to improve educational system, in particularly methods of assessing. Major universities with a great history prefer to follow conservative ways, such as ‘pen and paper’ or oral examinations, simultaneously other universities do not hesitate to take a risk and change methods of evaluation.
I would like to consider various methods of checking students’ knowledge. Firstly, ‘pen and paper’ and oral examination have been a classic form of appraisal since first schools appeared. Remarkable, that student is able to demonstrate its comprehension fully and it is not bounded by variants of answers. Moreover, student has opportunity to share its own views to the problem, occasionally there is some possibility to get genius ideas while taking an exam.
Interestingly, it can be noticeable that more and more universities tend to assess students by using tests with variable possible answers, because it saves time and more convenient to check it. For example, at the end of each semester me and my group mates prepare ourselves for internet based tests. There are several disadvantages of such method. Questions of test cannot include totally wide material of the subject and as a consequence it does not promote well evaluation of students. Furthermore, student use rote learning, that affects to the quality of their knowledge.
Overall, I consider that only a traditional methods of assessing can provide a high quality education. However, in some cases, contemporary ways of evaluation can be useful but it should be improved.

Writing task 2

HOW TO SUPPORT IDEAS IN THE BODY
1. Give an example:
Use these expression: take …. as an example/examples. For instance, for example.
Model:
Computers prove to play a vital/ an important role in our life today/ these days/ nowadays. Take workplace as an example. Thanks to this technology, employees’ work is much easier and more efficient. To make it clear
Solutions/ Policies must be proposed/ give/ released to deal with over-population. Take China as an example. This country has implemented on child policy for many years.
The first advantage of eating fresh fruits is that they are very beneficial for our health. For example, oranges provide us with plenty of vitamin C, which strengthen our immune system in fighting against diseases.
2. Chronological or time order: Past vs Present
Topic sentence + past ( 2 sentences ) + present ( 2 sentences )
Ex: In the past, people communicated by hand writing letters which were significantly slow, time consuming and insecure. However, these days, electrical email is fast and cheap.
3. If or if not
Working part time is very beneficial for students. This is especially true if students choose to work/ do a job related to their major. Thanks to this, they can not only earn money to cover daily expenses but also gain/get valuable job experience which is practically useful for their future work/ which opens more doors for students in finding a good job in their future.
4. Explain:
Learning abroad is a great way to improve our foreign language. This is because/ By this I mean/ To make it clearer/ In order words….

WRITING TASK 2
Type 1: DISCUSSION BOTH VIEWS

Topic 1: To solve the traffic problems, some people believe that punishments are important. But there are also ideas about other solutions like road improvements. What is your opinion?
Topic 2: Medical service: free or not?

How to write an INTRODUCTION

1. Identify General topic:– the first sentence : Câu đầu tiên trong phần mở đề nói về chủ đề chung đang được đề cập đến.
Should use long sentence or complex sentence.
Ex:
– There is no denying that / No one can deny that traffic problems are a constant headache in many countries all over the world these days.

2. Paraphrase or use synonym to cite the topic: Trích dẫn lại đề bài bằng cách dùng các từ đồng nghĩa hoặc thay đổi cấu trúc câu.
Ex:
– In other to solve these problems, some people think / believe / maintain that we should have stricter punishments / penalties while others claim other solutions / ways / methods should be considered / take into account. —> avoid words repetition.
– Some people suggest that punishments are necessary; However, a few other methods like road improvement should be considered.
3. Thesis statement: câu định hướng
Ex:
– This essay will discuss both views / points of views / attitudes / opinions before I present my view point.
A complete Introduction:
It is a fact that costly medical service is really a burden to many people especially the poor these days. While some people claim that such service should be free / available without charge, others maintain it / this can lead to some negative effects / influences / impacts. This essay will discuss / examine both attitudes before a reasoned conclusion is found.
BODY: analyze
– Former view
– Latter view
Former: Some people maintain that heavier / stricter punishments are an effective way to deal with traffic problems. First of all,
Stricter punishments are considered as practical solutions by many to make drivers follow the rules. Firstly, the government can get money from those who violating the regulations / breaking the traffic rules and used it in other social activities improving living conditions of people. Moreover, if punished, people will be aware of the precious money they have to submit by working hard.
In an addition to this, drivers do not dare to violate the regulation…
Latter: However, other people believe / hold a view that other measures / ways / solutions should be taken. Firstly / Initially . Furthermore, .
However, other people believe that another solution should be taken. Firstly, the government should improve the roads quality. This is because it will be expanded and have more space for vehicles. As a result, the traffic runs more smoothly and no traffic jams anymore. Furthermore, students can study traffic rules at school which helps them aware of how to use the vehicles safely. It seems to be a long term solution, but I strongly believe it can be effective if it can work.
Sample Body:
Some people hold a view that we should / (it is sensible to ) offer free health care / (medical assistance – service – aid – treatment ) without charge / payment. The main reason is that it can help citizens enjoy better health. This is because if the treatment is expensive, people are not likely to have medical checkups. Therefore, when the diseases is found out, it is usually too late and the cure / ( remedy: phương thuốc, biện pháp cứu chữa) is ineffective. In other words, if all citizens/ people/ civilians ( thường dân ) can get free access to medical services, they have more chances to take care of their health and of course, improve their quality of life.
However / ( On an opposite angle ), other people are of the opinion that medical service should be charged for the following reasons. First of all, the government will not have enough money to invest in medical fields since / as / because there are other / several no less important fields, such as education and economy which also need investment. Furthermore, it is also claimed that when the service is free, the quality of treatment will go down.
CONCLUSION
Must have one of these expression at the beginning: In conclusion / all things considered / To put it in a nushell.
Ex:
After all considered, I am in favor of the latter view. The stricter punishments, in my opinion, are insufficient in dealing with / (tackling) traffic problems. Other more practical solutions should be put into operation / carried out.
( To put it in a nutshell, both mentioned points of views have their own pros and con, therefore it is hard to determine which one is more outweighed than the other. As far as I am concerned, this problem needs the combination of all above solutions.)

Type 2: ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES

Topic 1: What are the good points and bad points of using the Internet today?
Topic 2: What are the pros and cons of living apart from parents?

INTRODUCTION

1. Identify General topic ( xác định chủ đề):
– The first sentence (Should use long sentence or complex sentence): Câu đầu tiên trong phần mở đề nói về chủ đề chung đang được đề cập đến.

Ex:
– There is no denying that / No one can deny that traffic problems are a constant headache in many countries all over the world these days.
No one can deny the fact that: không ai có thể phủ nhận 1 sự thật là

2. Advantages – disadvantages cite (paraphrase or use synonym: Trích dẫn lại đề bài bằng cách dùng các từ đồng nghĩa hoặc thay đổi cấu trúc câu.
Advantages Disadvantages
Positive aspect Negative aspect
Merits Problems
Pros Cons
Benefits Drawbacks
Good points Bad points
Plus Minus

Ex:
 General topic = fact: It can be said that / No one can deny the fact that the Internet these days proves itself to be an indispensable part of our lives. ( đề cập đến General topic là the Internet )
 Advantages – disadvantages: Although it brings us big / huge / enormous benefits, there still exist some serious drawbacks which should be considered / which we have to consider.( trích dẫn lại đề )
 Thesis statement: This essay will present/examine the pros and cons of the use of Internet nowadays.
A complete Introduction:
No one can deny the fact that the Internet these days proves itself to be an indispensable part of our lives. Although it brings us enormous benefits, there still exist some serious drawbacks which are worth intensive consideration.
BODY
 Advantages ( 1, 2) + Disadvantages (1, 2) or
 Advantages (1, 2) + Disadvantages (1): if you are more in favor of advantages and vice versa.
ADV1: The first and most important benefit is that it is a great way to communicate/ we can use it to keep in touch with other people
The first and most important benefit is that it is a great way to communicate. Take email as an example. In the past, hand writing letters were the prominent way people used to keep in touch with each other. However, delivering them could take several days or even weeks due to distance. In addition, senders could run the risk of the post office losing or damaging their items. Nowadays, thanks to the Internet, electrical email has been used, which brings enormous convenience for users. Specifically, emails can be composed, sent and received within a matter of minutes. Also, transmitting emails is free, other than the cost of the Internet connection.
ADV2: Another merit, no less important is that we can use it to broaden our horizons. This is because the Internet has brought a great deal of information on every field, from history, economy to science or religion.
DIS1:
One the other hand, Internet users have to face some problems. First of all, some adolescents’ behaviors seem to be dictated in a bad way due to the frequent exposure to violent or illegal websites. This is because Internet can be accessed easily and there are no specific restriction policies in order to prevent those websites that have bad influence on young people.
Secondly, the use of Internet may make out personal information vulnerable to theft. For instance, when we use Internet services such as e-shopping, e-banking or social networking, our account numbers, addresses, photos and credit card numbers can be stolen or misused by thieving websites and individuals.
Sample Body:
CONCLUSION
In conclusion / After all things considered / To put it in a nutshell.
– Restate – advantage + disadvantages: (nói lại vấn đề đã đề cập đến)
– Recommendation or advice
In conclusion, there is a saying that all the coins have 2 sides / everything has 2 sides / everything comes at a price and using the Internet today is not an exception.

Weigh: Nonetheless, the greater magnitude of its advantages outweighs its disadvantages.
Advice: It is advised that raising the Internet users’ awareness or policies issued / produced by the government to control the drawbacks can give a hand to improve the Internet matters.

Youth unemployment crisis

Youth unemployment crisis
Rob: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English. I’m Rob and with me today is Natalie.

Natalie: Hi Rob.

Rob: Today we are going to talk about a big challenge that young people are facing. This is the lack of jobs. This week the International Labor Organization (or ILO, as it’s known) has said that youth unemployment around the world remains at a crisis level!

Natalie: Crisis is a strong word!

Rob: It is and it’s not used lightly. The report looked at young people between the ages of 15 and 24 and found out that around 75 million of them are out of work!

Natalie: That’s really sad news. But the economy hasn’t been helping much.

Rob: That’s right and we are going to talk about in just a moment but let’s start with our usual quiz question. So are you ready Natalie? Which one of these unusual jobs is NOT a real one?
a) A vibration consultant.
b) A trifle analyst. (đồ lặt vặt, chuyện lặt vặt)
c) A raven master.

Natalie: It must be a) a vibration consultant. What would this person do, check if a party had a good “vibe”, a good atmosphere?

Rob: Maybe but then again maybe not.

Natalie: Well I’m keen to know but I’ll have to wait until the end of the programme.

Rob: You will. Right. Now, let’s get back to the hard realities of being young and looking for a job. In the report by BBC’s Imogen Foulkes, the reporter uses a phrase that describes a depressing situation.

BBC correspondent Imogen Foulkes:
The ILO’s report paints a bleak picture of young people losing hope and becoming increasingly detached from the world of work. Almost 75 million people between the ages of 15 and 24 are unemployed worldwide, and the ILO’s new report predicts no improvement before 2016 at the earliest.

Natalie: She said that the report paints a bleak picture – bleak often describes an area that is cold, empty and miserable.

Rob: The economic /i kơ nó mic/ crisis is really causing a lot of long-term problems. Young people simply aren’t seeing any new job opportunities and the forecast is not good.

Natalie: The forecast, the things experts predict about trends in the future.

Rob: Let’s hear what the International Labour Organisation chief economist thinks about the situation. What do you think the word entrenched might mean?

BBC correspondent Imogen Foulkes:
For young people in particular, says the ILO’s chief economist Ekkehard Ernst, these years without work will be damaging: “We have lost the jobs and they are not coming back. Our forecast shows that we are not getting these jobs over the next four or five years. So this means that this crisis really becomes entrenched on the labour market, and that means that we also see these young people losing their skills.”
Rob: So the forecast is that there will be not enough jobs over the next four or five years…

Natalie: And the crisis is becoming entrenched on the labour market that means that it is to be fixed or rooted in the same position – the position of lack of work for young people.

Rob: In the next part of the report, listen to the word used to describe being left to one side – a position that many people might find themselves in:

BBC correspondent Imogen Foulkes:
The ILO already has evidence that many young people are simply dropping out. Neither in work, nor in education, they have no skills and are becoming increasingly marginalised. Others are growing bitter that the years spent in higher education( bậc đại học) have brought no career. Instead, the ILO says, many young graduates are being forced to take part time unskilled jobs.

Rob: So they are dropping out. They are not doing anything. They are excluded from the jobs market or from education. They are not learning new things and that’s how they end up more and more marginalised.

Natalie: To be marginalised is to be left to one side and forgotten about.

Rob: Well, faced with no choice, many young people have to accept part-time jobs, or jobs that are low-skilled. Some people call these temporary jobs – to work on a temporary job is sometimes called temping. The ILO is urging
governments to make job creation a priority. They also suggest offering tax breaks to companies who employ young people and programmes of work that encourage training and learning – these are sometimes called apprenticeships.

Natalie: Young people can learn English to help them build their skills!

Rob: What a good idea! And let’s end on a more positive note, shall we, with our quiz question.

Natalie: Yes! You asked me: Which of these unusual jobs is NOT a real one? I don’t remember all the options…

Rob: I’ve got to remind you. They were:
a) A vibration consultant.
b) A trifle analyst.
c) A raven master.

Natalie: And I said a) a vibration consultant, I think.
Rob: Why did you say that? You were wrong! You didn’t pay attention to the options presented to you, you just had ears for the first one, didn’t you! Actually, a vibration consultant is someone who advises on vibration and noise
problems for construction companies or manufacturers. A raven master is England’s one and only custodian of the Tower of London’s ravens. So what doesn’t quite exist is a trifle analyst! A trifle is a dessert of course, which I
love, and you’re not supposed to analyse it. You should just really eat it!

Natalie: Yes, of course! But I’m on a diet, Rob. I’ve been avoiding even thinking about trifles!
Rob: Really, I’ll have some more then, thanks. To those of you keen on learning English, here are today’s words and expressions again.

Natalie:
a bleak picture
– The survey paints a bleak picture of an ill and ageing population.
– These statistics paint a pretty bleak pictures
a forecast
– Based on data from the past and present and analysis of trends, the finance and investment department has issued a forecast of the upcoming year’s income.
entrenched /in’trentch/: establish an attitude / habit / belief so firmly that changes is very difficult or unlikely.
– Unhealthy habits are entrenched in the lives of many young people these days due the heavy reliance on modern gadgets.
to drop out : to withdraw from established society, especially because of disillusion ( tan vỡ mộng tưởng ) with conventional (tập quán, tục lệ) values
– He decided to drop out and spend his life doing what he wants to do.
– Sometimes I just wish I could drop out and spend my life doing whatever I want to do without any concern about real life.
marginalised /’ma: zin ơ laiz/ : This is predominantly a social phenomenon by which a minority or sub-group is excluded, and their needs and desires ignored.
– It is a fact that marginalized communities who would suffer the greatest in equalities in health.
– In the past, women used to play a second role or were completely marginalized.
temping, a temporary job

an apprenticeship
– These days, students are not only supposed to study hard and achieved academically, but also required to go through on-the-job apprenticeship in order to earn requisite /’rekwizit/ certifications.

Rob: Thanks, Natalie. Hopefully you’ve enjoyed today’s program. Please do join us again for more 6 Minute English from BBC Learning English very soon! Bye!
Natalie: Bye!

Vocabulary and definitions

– a bleak picture /bli:k/ : a situation described as pessimistic ( một bức tranh ảm đạm )

– a forecast: a prediction by experts

– entrenched: fixed, rooted ( cự đoan )

– to drop out: to exclude yourself from activities ( rút ra khỏi )

– marginalized: to be left to one side ( cách ly ra khỏi nhịp điệu phát triển của XH)

– temping, a temporary job: employment done for a fixed period of time

– an apprenticeship / ơ ‘pren tis ship /: jobs designed to have the employee working while getting training on the tasks required ( học việc )

Video’s capture

THE LEARNING BRAIN
Our brain is in charge of these emotions like happy, sad or even scared. In fact, it runs our body. When it comes to learning, our brain is the most important part because this is where all our thinking, remembering and feeling take place.
The biggest part of our brain is cerebrum and it has two half. Scientists say that the left side of our brain controls the right side of our body and vice versa. We use cerebrum to solve math problems, to speak, to draw picture, to kick a ball and to imagine things.
The brain has over 100 billion neurons which send messages backward and forward between the brain and body. Each neuron has tiny branched that let it connect to other neurons. When you’re learning things, electrical messages travel from one neuron to another, over and over. Eventually, the brain start to create connections or pathways between the neurons so things become easier and you can do better and better. Creating these pathways is how you learn and remember things. So, the more you use your brain to create these pathways, the more you will learn.
Your brain is responsible for your feelings and emotions too. One of the things we know for sure is that emotions have a big impact on the way we learn. Feeling stressed or anxiety can make it very difficult for someone to learn because the brain releases adrenaline and cortisol ( the stress hormone ) chemicals which will quickly alter the way we think, feel and behave. Scientist believe we learn best when we are happy and relaxed. That is when our brain processes information most efficiently.
There are other factors that affect our brain’s capacity. The brain requires water for creating neural pathways, so being dehydrated can mean that our thinking will be less effective. It also needs to raise balance of protein, fat, vegetable, carbohydrate and sugar to work efficiently. So maintaining a balance and healthy diet is important for effective learning.
When you’re tired or hungry, too hot or too cold, it’s unlikely that you’ll be able to concentrate effectively on learning. Sitting still for a long period of time can affect your ability to concentrate and study. It’s good to take brain breaks and do some physical movement or exercise. This will increase the oxygen in our blood stream which will help the neurons to fire.
Many people believe that a person’s intelligence is fixed and it’s not possible to become smarter. In fact, our brains are constantly changing and creating new neural pathways. This means that everyone is capable of learning and becoming more intelligent. Make sure that our brain is healthy by creating the best conditions for learning.
Firstly, the more you use your brain, the more efficient it’ll become. Challenge yourself in your learning. Be ambitious. Set targets for yourself. Make sure that you have an imaginative and enquiring mind. Use the brain in challenging activities such as puzzles, reading, playing music, drawing, playing computer games or anything else that gives your brain a workout. Eat enough healthy food. Drink plenty of water to make sure we stay properly hydrated. Take regular exercise to increase level of oxygen in our blood. Get enough rest and sleep. Break our study sessions into chunks and take regular brain breaks to help maintain focus. Stimulate the brain in different ways. A combination of audio, visual and kinesthetic learning is often the best way to take in new information and learn new skills.
Remember that our emotions play a big role in how well we learn. It’s best to avoid studying or trying to learn new things when you’re stressed or upset
BORN TO LEARN
For most teenagers, schools are being less about a passion to learn and more about getting good grades. And most kid just want to play around with stuff while grown-ups say “no, no, no”
The fact is, our capacity to create and learn has no boundary. Thanks to MRT scientists now know what makes up human intelligence.
A baby’s brain is amazing. It doesn’t take nine months to create. It has taken 7 million years and around 350,000 generations. All the skills, knowledge and talents cultivated by our ancestors are stored inside. These are like numerous software programs which can only be activated by the baby engaging with its environment. And the striking thing is it not activated at the most appropriate time, they simply disappear. For instance, if a child doesn’t hear language by around the age of 8, they may never learn to speak. That’s why interactions are very important.
We’ve also evolved ( tien hoa, tien trien) to learn by looking at things from different perspectives and making connection between things, and we do that through play. So we should let kid play when they’re little and when they’re older too because it’s never just play.
After 12 or thereabout, it’s all change. Kid becomes rebellious and no more going along with what the grown-ups say. The adolescent brain needs to go with its own way.
However, imagine if we actually gave adolescence the freedom to undertake struggles rather than force them to sit passively in class, enable adolescence to spread their wings and work things out themselves if that sounds terrifying. If we allow their natural curiosity to flourish, they’ll be bursting with the longing to learn. This is the way we’ve evolved to be. It’s what makes us fulfilled well-adjusted human beings. Let’s stop trying to live in a way that’s so go against how we’re hard-wired to live. Let’s allow ourselves and the next generation to reclaim (giac ngo, lam cho ai hieu ra) the incredible gift of our ancestors. Adolescence is just not a problem, it’s an opportunity.

LIFELONG LEARNING, YOUR WAY
We’re never stop learning, and in today’s world, there are many demands raise our capacity to learn. First, we live longer than any other generation. Second, today we experience more advances in technology. Jobs are not for life anymore

Reading: Do grades really matter?

This is an ode (ca ngợi, ca tụng) to all students who have ever gotten B’s, C’s, D’s (and sometimes even failed). It’s a declaration to the kids who calculated the exact number of points they needed to get on their finals in order to pass. This is for all those kids who didn’t get extra credit or get placed on honor roll ( danh sách những sinh viên ưu tú nhất) . After years of inadequacy (sự ko thỏa đáng) and a lifetime of feeling average and unremarkable, your time has come. Someone is finally here to tell you that even if your GPA’s lower than 1.2, you can be great.
For years, society has placed a disgustingly (cự kì) large stigma (điều sỉ nhục) on bad grades and an overwhelming importance on good grades. There’s a predisposed (dẫn đến, có thiên ý về) instinct to strive for A’s and cast anything lower to the side, to deem (tưởng rằng, cho rằng) as unworthy. Well, it’s time to let the children learn that it’s okay not to be an A student, it’s okay to fail. Because here’s a little secret the older generations are unwilling to divulge(để lộ ra, tiết lộ) to you: it doesn’t matter.
To all those tight-ass intellectuals (người trí thức) out there, it’s time to get the facts straight. For all those years that you spent cooped up in the library, poring over (mải mê, miệt mài) facts and stats, soliloquies (độc thoại) and Greek mythology, the average scoring kids — the ones partying and getting C’s in college — are the ones obtaining the skills that do matter: life experiences.
The greatest thinkers, leaders and entrepreneurs of our time have been the men to defy (bất chấp) the rules and take risks. They were the ones getting C’s or flunking out (bị đuổi học vì thi trượt). However, their “failures’ were not a factor of intelligence, but an inability to be weighed down (gánh nhiều trọng trách trên vai) by grades and superficial ( hời hợt, nông cạn) markings. Bill Gates, Steve Jobs and Richard Branson, are just a few of the men who achieved unfathomable (ko thể hiểu được, ko dò được) amounts of wealth, status and success without ever really succeeding in a classroom. They are the men, that by society’s standards, had failed.
With their passion and intelligence, they were able to change the world with nothing more than a bachelor’s degree and a transcript of failing grades (sometimes not graduating at all). These men understood at an early age that just because society, and everyone around them, placed an excessive amount of importance on grades didn’t mean they were right.
But it’s not just these extreme examples of eccentric (người lập dị) billionaires and tech geniuses that should solidify the results of this finding. It’s about yourself and the gut feelings you have towards what is right and what is wrong.
Succeeding in life means following your gut (sự can đảm, lòng quyết tâm) and understanding what a bad decision is. Just because you passed American History with flying colors doesn’t mean you’ll know what to do when your coworker is talking behind your back to your boss. It doesn’t mean you’ll know how to handle an insubordinate (người ko chịu vâng lời) or get together a presentation the night before a deadline.
The people who do great things are the ones too absorbed in their own ideas to place too much weight on the opinions of others. Why should Steve Jobs spend hours studying someone else’s ideas and breakthroughs when he could be out creating his own? What people fail to see in bad grades is the reason behind them. Why is this person not getting an A? Is this person doing something that is better?
So for all of you preparing for finals, or finishing them with a bitter taste in your mouth, this should be reason enough not to worry. If you are ending the semester with C’s and maybe a few D’s, don’t sweat. There’s plenty of opportunity out there, and it’s the people with the audacity (cả gan) not to care about their grades — the ones who don’t spend their lives in the library and bubbling in correct answer sheets — who will rule the world. Because at the end of it all, it’s really about those people with the most passion.
Expression
1. Get the fact straight = have an understanding of the real facts.
– Please be sure you get the facts straight before you make a decision
2. Coop up: confine in a small place
– I love being able to sit outside on a balmy evening with a drink, rather than cooped up inside like you are in the winter.
3. Pore over: to look at and study something, usually a book or document carefully
– I need to take few hours to pore over these contracts and see if they are ready to be signed.
4. Flunk out: to have to leave school or college because your work is not good enough or not satisfactory.
– Due to bad performance in the final exams, he has flunked out of college.
5. Be weighed down: be oppressive or burdensome to someone
– She was weighed down by the responsibility of being a perfect child in her parents’ eyes.
6. Bitter taste in your mouth

7. At the end of it all

DQEnglish Questions

  1. Are grades important?

To some extent, grades really matter, especially for those who need a good transcript in order to ask for scholarships.

  1. How to study more effectively?

We should break our study into chunks and take regular brain breaks to help maintain focus. And it’s best to avoid studying or trying to learn new things when we’re stressed or upset.

  1. Do you think that students are learning too much at school?

Yes I do. It can easily be seen children heading to school from early morning and only come back home after dinner.

I think this is because schools’ curriculums haven’t been well designed, and the pressure of being well-prepared before the university entrance exams urge students to learn more and study more at school.

  1. If you were the Minister of Education, what changes would you made to the current education system?

I would abolish grade system because it has put too much pressure on students while it doesn’t truly reflect their ability and performance. As well as that, the university entrance exams would be abolished because it’s so costly for all the parents and society. Then I would increase Interactive learning instead of monologue learning. Last but not least, teacher’s payment would be raise higher.

  1. Do you think 4 years is enough for a person to be fully equipped with knowledge and skills concerning his/her major?

Well, it depends on what major the students choose. Take doctor as an example. It takes at least 5 years to get a doctorate degree. However, if you choose economic or social field, 4 years are enough to gain sufficient knowledge and skills to enter the real world.

Healthy lifestyle

Expression

Example

On a regular basis (regularly) The health benefits of doing exercise on a regular basis are numerous and hard to ignore.
Order of business (A task to be dealt with) To construct a fitness plan, the first order of business is to set a goal. At the first place/ at the beginning, usually we are quite/thoroughly motivated but then find that our motivation slips over time. Setting ourselves a more specific means we will be more likely to stick with it. Then schedule time for fitness. Adding an exercise routine on a regular basis into your schedule. If you have trouble stick to the plan, find yourself a role model or a partner!
It has to be that way The best way to exercise is not to focus on the fitness aspect and just have fun. You can exercise without even noticing you’re doing it. It has to be that way or else you would be easily demotivated, especially those who have trouble stick to a regular basis form of exercise
Opt for I opt for cardiovascular exercises rather than muscle building because I think the best way to keep fit is to do exercise that raises your heart rate. The heart is a muscle and has to be worked like any other muscle.
Have trouble stick to Many people have trouble stick to a fitness plan because between work and children, school and homework, exercise is hard to fit it, especially those who have no exercise experience under their belt before. However, this is not the case. The truth is, everything counts and the more you move, the healthier you will be. So, moderate activities like doing chores inside your house, or covering short distance journeys on foot in stead of using motorbikes or something like that are all beneficial
Focus on As far as I’m concerned, the best way to exercise is not to focus on the fitness aspect and just have fun. You can exercise without even noticing you’re doing it. For example, when you play badminton with your friends or for a long walk on a sunny day, or something like that.
Under your belt (When you have something “under your belt”, it is part of your past experience) He is new to the company and doesn’t have much work experience under his belt.She already has three years of college under her belt.

Many people have trouble stick to a fitness plan because between work and children, school and homework, exercise is relatively hard to fit it, especially those who have no exercise experience under their belt before. However, this is not the case. The truth is, everything counts and the more you move, the healthier you will be. So, doing chores inside your house, or covering short distance journeys on foot instead of using motorbikes or something like that are all beneficial.

Lead to I strongly believe that the invention of TV has led to people being much too sedentary. It’s all too easy to become a coach potato.
The bulk of your time In these days, most people work in offices, so the bulk of their time is spent on the chair, they might only move to go to the printer or photocopier. That’s very unhealthy.

What do you do to stay physically healthy?

These are the steps I take to stay healthy. Cut out processed food, keep a sufficient sleeping hours – say 7 hours a day, eat a healthy breakfast, add more vegetables and fruit in daily meals. However, my first order of business is to exercise on a regular basis. Also, I strongly believe that having a regular medical checkup to detect disease in the early stages is absolutely needed. this should be performed at least once a year

What do you do to stay mentally healthy?

I believe there are links between physical and mental health. Therefore, doing regular exercise can both keep us fit and release feel good chemicals into our body.

I manage to make exercise a habit and play sports in my free time because it can help me sleep, look and feel better which in turn can boost my confidence and increase my self-esteem.

I also join a dance class where I can share my same interests with people there. I find that being part of a group with people with a common interest provides a sense of belonging and is absolutely good for mental health

Talk about the importance of staying healthy.

As far as I’m concerned, being mentally and physically healthy helps me deal with stress and enjoy the happiness in life. In addition, staying healthy for me is vital for maintaining a youthful, attractive appearance

Music topic

music music-web-image1-e1335211596558:

Topic: There are many different types of music in the world today. Why do we need music? Is the traditional music of a country more important than the International music that is heard everywhere nowadays?

The enormous variety of music genres from all around the world have brought plentiful selections for human’s taste in music. However, the fact that international music has occupied a large proportion of music that people in each country hear nowadays has sparked controversy whether it has become more essential than traditional music.

In my point of view, each one has its own merits (n: sự xuất sắc, điểm mạnh) and both types are equally indispensable. Music is one of the fundamental demands for human relaxation. I think it is essential because it can be a major part of both community’s and individual’s spiritual life. People have been using music to express their innermost feelings, to encourage them while working or fighting, to educate their children in good traditions and national sentiment, and to sublimate (v: làm thăng hoa) their aspiration for a happy life.

It is undoubtedly accepted that music is a universal art. This means that traditional music is as important as international music. On one hand, traditional music took shape during different periods of history and has been preserved and transmitted through generations, therefore, it is believed to be a representation of the identity and cultural diversity of individual nations. For example, when hearing the rhythms of a song, one may say from where that song comes. On the other hand, international music is considered as a common language among countries. Which ever region they may originate (v: xuất phát, bắt nguồn) from, which ever language they may speak, people in the world not only are connected, but also find their common ground through international music.

To sum up, the necessity of music to enrich human’s spiritual life is obvious regardless which type it is and there are no specific criteria to determine which one is of greater importance.

Advantages and disadvantages of the Internet and technology

Disadvantages of the Internet.

– Internet is not completely a boon. The Internet has bred many unethical practices like hacking, spamming and fishing. Internet crime is really on the rise. Moreover, the Internet is being an open platform that lacks regulation. There is no rule on the content displayed on the websites at all. Also, Internet gambling has become an addiction to many people. Youngsters are spending most of their time on social networking websites, missing on the joys of the real social world. So, all and all, overexposure to the Internet has taken its toll of human life in my views.

Advantages of technology

I’m pretty sure that one of the biggest impacts of technology on human life is communication. Obviously, it has transformed our real big world into a tiny global village. Thanks to technology, communication is becoming easier, we now have the power to contact with anybody in almost everywhere in the world. For instance, in case of situations when we want to convey something urgently to somebody, mobile phones and email come in handy. It’s no wrong to say that we now stay connected 24/7.

Typically, telephone and internet allow business people in different countries to interact without ever meeting each other. And video conferences has played a significant role in promoting faster decision-making. Therefore, I’m sure that most businesses depend on technology for communication.

 

Bar chart

The chart below shows the amount of leisure time enjoyed by men and women of different employment status.

BarGraph3

Recreation (n) ~ leisure (n). Recreation (n): nghỉ ngơi, giải trí, tiêu khiển

reveal ~ indicate ~ demonstrate

Sexes ~ genders

Employment ~ working

figures (n: con số) ~ statistics (n: số liệu thống kê)

notice (đáng chú ý) ~ stand out (nổi bật) ~ immediately apparent (rõ ràng)

The bar chart reveals the number of recreation hours that people of various genres of working status had in a specific week from year 1998-1999. It also indicates how man and women differed in the amount of time.

One of the first things to notice is that there have two categories that no figures were given for men whereas women had about 40-50 hours to enjoy leisure, namely the part time employment and the housewives. Meanwhile, in the remaining employment statuses which statistics on male leisure time were available, men enjoyed at least 10 hours of extra leisure time compared to women. For instance, with full time working, men had about 50 hours per week to rest while women only had less than 40 recreation hours.

Another thing which stands out in this chart is that the unemployed and the retired people had not only the most free time of all categories, but also equal in the amount of recreation time at each gender, about 78 hours for female and 85 hours for male.

Bar5 pie1

The charts reveal a survey’s outcome about adult studying. Specifically, the bar chart lists various aims of going back to school whilst how the tuition fee should be shared are showed in the pie chart. Both charts use percentage as the main measurement.

According to the first bar chart, the major impulses (n: động lực)(the most common purposes that make people go back to school are the interest in subject as well as the pursuit of qualifications, both of which are 40% and 38% respectively. By comparison, the expectancy of being able to change jobs or to meet people when involving in further study makes up a much lower proportion, only 12% and 9% agreements. Interestingly, there are three aims that have approximately similar percentages of respondents, namely enjoy learning, improve chance of promotion and helpful to current job, ranging from 20% to 22%.

In the pie chart, 40% of people being surveyed think the costs should be paid by themselves, followed by 35% agreements that the costs should be supported by employers and finally, the opinion that tax payers should share the cost as well has 25% supporters.

BarGraph1

This bar chart lists different reasons why people in the United Kindom decided to make a trip in percentage in 200. It also looks at the difference between men and women for each purpose.

It is immediately apparent that the most common purposes for travelling were commuting and shopping, both being around 20 per cent of trips. The next most common reasons were visiting friends and doing the school, which run at 15%, and closely followed by personal business at around 10%. Travelling for sport and entertainment (7%) was only a little more common than journeys made for educational purposes (6%). Finally, the fewest number of trips were travelling for holidays and walking, both of which accounted for around 3 per cent of all journeys.

Typically, there were few major differences between males and females. In holidays, personal business and walking in both genders took approximately the same amount of journeys, while slightly more men travelled for educational purposes and more women visited friends. Notably, almost twice as many men as women travelled for entertainment reasons and, likewise, around 7% more men commuted to work. The two areas in which women travelled significantly more than men were shopping and the school run.

BarGraph4

The bar chart depicts the statistics of jail sentence in fives nations during 50 year period from 1930 to 1980 ( over the given period of 50 years). The x axis presents the time period divided into decade while the numbers of prisoners are viewed in the y axis.

It is noticeable that the figures in most nations fluctuate on the whole period.

Australia began with approximately 70 thousand prisoners, but then dropped to around  45 thousands in 1950 and then increased slowly in the next two decades to a little less than 70 thousands in 1970, but it finally fell back to 50 thousands in the end of the period. New Zealand started off with 100 thousand people being in jail in 1930, and the number gradually decreased through the next two decades before rose constantly in the following three decades. Canada and United States had generally the highest amount of jailed sentences, which was consistently ranging from 85 to 135 thousands in five decades.

In contrast to the general pattern, Great Britain, on one hand, had the lowest imprisonment cases for the majority of the period; and on the other hand, it increased steadily after each decade and reached a peak of 90 thousands in 1980.

BarGraph2

This bar chart depicts the number of students speak fluently a second language in six countries. It also looks at the difference between male and female student at each nation.

It is immediately apparent that the India has the most students who master a second language, with 67% males and 56% females. The next most students that are proficient in a foreign language is Romania, which runs at 65% for males and 42 of for females, and closely followed by Vietnam at 56% and 38% for each genders. Russian students are only bit fewer than Vietnamese students in language proficiency, about 43% for boys and 35% for girls. Finally, the fewest number of students successfully learn a new language are China and Thailand, both of which ranging from 14% to 32% for two genders.

Typically, there are considerable differences in language fluency between males and females. Romania has the biggest gap among two genders as 22% more females grasp a foreign language successfully than male. In similar pattern, the differences are 17%, 12%, 15% and 8% in Vietnam, India, China and Russia respectively. Notably, in Thailand, the pattern is inverse when boys have 5% greater than girls in language proficiency.